What is Blurred Vision?
Blurred vision is a condition associated with decreased sharpness of vision, resulting in difficulty seeing fine details. It may be unilateral (one eye) or bilateral (both eyes).
Causes of Blurred Vision
Blurred vision may be an indication of an underlying eye condition such as:
- Glaucoma (damaged optic nerve)
- Cataract (cloudy eye lens)
- Migraine (recurrent moderate to severe headaches).
- Wearing damaged or dirty contact lenses or not wearing prescription eyeglasses.
- Some medications such as antidepressants, oral contraceptives, and heart medications may increase the risk of blurred vision.
Symptoms of Blurred Vision
Symptoms associated with blurred vision include:
- Sensitivity to light
- Eye pain
- Dry eyes
- Poor night vision
- Itchy eyes
- Red spots in the eyes
- Excessive tear production.
Diagnosis of Blurred Vision
This condition can be diagnosed with the help of the following tests:
- Slit-lamp examination: In this test, different parts of your eyes are examined to check for proper eye function using different intensities of light and magnification.
- Refraction test: This test is used to measure the accuracy of your vision or the glasses/lens you are using. Your doctor asks you to read a chart and switches lenses of different strengths to check your visual acuity.
- Tonometry: In this procedure, your eye pressure is checked with the help of an instrument called a tonometer. Your eyes will be numbed with the help of anaesthetic eye drops and fluorescein is instilled to help your doctor determine your eye pressure.
Treatment for Blurred vision
Treatment for blurred vision depends on the severity of the condition.
- The most common treatments are using prescription glasses or contact lenses to correct your vision
- Use of lubricating drops in case of dry eyes.
- Uveitis and Ocular Inflammation
- Dry Eyes
- Lid Cysts
- Retinal Tear
- Diabetic Macular Oedema
- Retinal Vein Occlusion
- Macular Oedema
- Cystoid Macular Oedema
- Central Serous Retinopathy
- Vision Disorders
- Watery Eye
- Tear Duct Obstruction
- Vein Occlusion
- Vein Occlusion Macular Oedema
- Allergic Disorders of the Eye
- Blurred Vision
- Distortion of Central Vision
- Ocular Ischemic Syndrome
- Optic Neuropathy
- Posterior Uveitis
- Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy
- Temporal Arteritis
- WET AMD
- Traumatic Iritis
- Acute/ Chronic/Recurrent Iridocyclitis
- Am I at Risk of Glaucoma?
- Epiretinal Membrane
- Open and Closed Iridocorneal Angles
- Pars Planitis/Intermediate Uveitis
- Retinal Detachment
- Subconjunctival Haemorrhage